Monday, July 16, 2018

How to prevent blackheads

Step 1
Wash your face twice daily using warm water and a mild cleanser. Avoid using bar soaps or cleansers that contain fragrances or other irritants.

Step 2
Exfoliate your face daily to remove excess skin cells and keep your pores unclogged. Use only gentle exfoliating products with small grains, as rough scrubs may irritate your skin or cause it to tear. If you experience redness or irritation, reduce the frequency of exfoliation.

Step 3
Avoid using oil-based cosmetics on your face and neck.

Step 4
Eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables and drink plenty of water.

Step 5
Keep your hands off your face and resist the urge to squeeze blackheads or pick at your skin. Squeezing and picking can increase inflammation and make your skin more prone to blackheads.

Step 6
Use a mask weekly. Clay masks are especially beneficial at drying up excess oil.

Step 7
Continue using any topical medications such as those containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or azelaic acid on your skin even after your existing blackheads are gone. You may need to use a topical medication for months or longer to prevent a return of the blackheads.

Way to remove of moles

Consult your doctor or dermatologist. You should have your mole examined by a doctor or dermatologist before you get it removed. They will be able to tell you whether your mole is malignant. They will also discuss what mole removal method is best for you.
The vast majority of moles are benign. However, symptoms including itchiness, bleeding and changes in size or color may indicate that the mole is malignant.
If a mole is malignant, it should be removed as soon as possible.

If your mole is not dangerous, it may not be necessary to have it removed. However, many people prefer to have their moles removed for aesthetic reasons.
Your doctor will use the ABCDE guide to assess your mole. This stands for Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, and Evolving.

Weigh up your options. There are several methods of removing moles and you should carefully consider which method is best for you. You will need to think about:
Effectiveness. Consider how effective each treatment is supposed to be. Will your chosen procedure remove the mole completely? Is there a risk that it could grow back?
Cost. Different procedures will vary in terms of price, so think about what you can afford.
Risk. What are the risks associated with each procedure? Can the mole become infected? Is there a risk of scarring or nerve damage? Will you need to be put under anesthetic?

Consider removal using shaving. This type of removal works best for surface level moles. The mole is shaved off with a scalpel.
First, the surgeon will cut the mole away, so it no longer forms a bump on the skin.
With this type of removal, stitches are unnecessary. The wound will be cauterized or covered in a cream or solution to stop the bleeding. Then a topical antibiotic will be applied.
The wound will be bandaged up and you'll be free to leave the office in a matter of minutes.

Consider removal using an excision followed by stitches. This type of removal works best for moles that are darker in color or flat moles that penetrate deep within the skin.
First, the mole and surrounding skin will be sterilized and numbed.
Then, the surgeon uses a scalpel to cut out the mole. How deep of an incision needs to be made will depend on the size of the mole and whether or not it's malign. A wider area is usually cut away when the mole is malign, to ensure it is removed completely.

The wound is then stitched closed. Some types of stitches require a follow-up appointment to be removed, while others will dissolve on their own.

Consider removal using cryosurgery, or freezing. This is an alternate mole removal method which uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy the mole. It is only offered by certain clinics. Also, keep in mind that cryotherapy freezes the tissue, so there would not be any tissue available to send a lab for testing and you would not be able to find out if the mole is cancerous.
The liquid nitrogen can be applied to the mole directly using a cotton swab, or may be applied in the form of a spray.
The liquid nitrogen may need to be applied several times to completely get rid of the mole. It will cause a blister to form on the skin, but once this heals, the skin should return to normal.

Consider removal using electrocoagulation, or burning. Electrocoagulation burns the mole by shocking it with an electric current. This destroys the mole's tissue after several sessions. There is no need for stitches with this method, as the heat from the electricity cauterizes the wound. With this procedure, there would also be no tissue to send to a lab for cancer testing.
Two other specialized mole removal methods offered by some clinics are radiosurgery, which uses radio frequency waves rather than electricity, and laser treatments. Both of these work on the same idea of burning the mole tissue away.

Ask your doctor about electrosurgery. Electrosurgery may be a good option to discuss with your doctor. Using electrosurgery for mole removal can reduce any bleeding that may occur, and this in turn will reduce the risk of complications, promote rapid wound healing, and result in minimal scarring.